Learning Stereo Disparity Using Temporal Smoothness Constraints: A Computational Model

James V. Stone

An unsupervised learning algorithm is presented for learning stereo disparity. A key assumption is that surface depth varies smoothly over time. This assumption is consistent with a learning rule which maximises the long-term variance of each unit's outputs, whilst simultaneously minimising its short-term variance. The learning rule involves a linear combination of anti-Hebbian and Hebbian weight changes, over short and long time scales, respectively. The model is demonstrated on a hyper-acuity task; estimating sub-pixel stereo disparity from a temporal sequence of stereograms. The algorithm generalises, without additional learning, to previously unseen image sequences.

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